Social capital, self-esteem, and use of online social network sites: A longitudinal analysis


Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 29, Number 6, p.434-445 (2008)






SOCIAL capital (Sociology); INTERNET in education; SELF-realization; SELF-esteem; INTERNET users; ONLINE social networks; FACEBOOK Inc.; UNITED States


Abstract: A longitudinal analysis of panel data from users of a popular online social network site, Facebook, investigated the relationship between intensity of Facebook use, measures of psychological well-being, and bridging social capital. Two surveys conducted a year apart at a large U.S. university, complemented with in-depth interviews with 18 Facebook users, provide the study data. Intensity of Facebook use in year one strongly predicted bridging social capital outcomes in year two, even after controlling for measures of self-esteem and satisfaction with life. These latter psychological variables were also strongly associated with social capital outcomes. Self-esteem served to moderate the relationship between Facebook usage intensity and bridging social capital: those with lower self-esteem gained more from their use of Facebook in terms of bridging social capital than higher self-esteem participants. We suggest that Facebook affordances help reduce barriers that lower self-esteem students might experience in forming the kinds of large, heterogeneous networks that are sources of bridging social capital. [Copyright 2008 Elsevier]Copyright of Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology is the property of Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts)


ArticleAccession Number: 35070269; Steinfield, Charles; Email Address: Ellison, Nicole B. 1 Lampe, Cliff 1; Affiliation: 1: Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 USA; Source Info: Nov2008, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p434; Subject Term: SOCIAL capital (Sociology); Subject Term: INTERNET in education; Subject Term: SELF-realization; Subject Term: SELF-esteem; Subject Term: INTERNET users; Subject Term: ONLINE social networks; Subject Term: FACEBOOK Inc.; Subject Term: UNITED States; Company/Entity: FACEBOOK Inc.; Number of Pages: 12p; Document Type: Article