The Benefits of Facebook ‚"Friends:" Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites


Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Blackwell Publishing Limited, Volume 12, Number 4, p.1143-1168 (2007)






WEB sites; SELF-esteem; ONLINE social networks; SOCIAL capital (Sociology); WELL-being; COLLEGE students


This study examines the relationship between use of Facebook, a popular online social network site, and the formation and maintenance of social capital. In addition to assessing bonding and bridging social capital, we explore a dimension of social capital that assesses one’s ability to stay connected with members of a previously inhabited community, which we call maintained social capital. Regression analyses conducted on results from a survey of undergraduate students (N = 286) suggest a strong association between use of Facebook and the three types of social capital, with the strongest relationship being to bridging social capital. In addition, Facebook usage was found to interact with measures of psychological well-being, suggesting that it might provide greater benefits for users experiencing low self-esteem and low life satisfaction. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR Copyright of Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication is the property of Blackwell Publishing Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts)


ArticleAccession Number: 26313783; Ellison, Nicole B. 1; Steinfield, Charles 1; Lampe, Cliff 1; Affiliations: 1: Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media, Michigan State University; Issue Info: Jul2007, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p1143; Thesaurus Term: WEB sites; Thesaurus Term: SELF-esteem; Subject Term: ONLINE social networks; Subject Term: SOCIAL capital (Sociology); Subject Term: WELL-being; Subject Term: COLLEGE students; NAICS/Industry Codes: 519130 Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals; Number of Pages: 26p; Illustrations: 8 charts, 5 graphs; Document Type: Article